Contra proferentem (latin: against [the] offeror), also known as interpretation against the draftsman, is a doctrine of contractual interpretation providing that, where a promise, agreement or term is ambiguous, the preferred meaning should be the one that works against the interests of the party who provided the wording. This principle is of similar effect to the traditional rule that exclusion clauses should be construed contra proferentem however, the court of appeal in this case rejected that underlying rationale for the principle that exclusion clauses should be construed narrowly, saying it has nothing to do with the identification of the party putting . The claimants alleged that these did not exclude liability for negligence in failing to identify and report on asbestos found at the site, relying on the contra proferentem rule this says that any ambiguity in an exemption clause is to be resolved against the party who puts the clause forward and relies on it.
Interpretation of exclusion clauses and contra proferentem an exclusion clause is one which excludes or restricts a party's contractual liability, whether by imposing time limits for instituting claims, narrowing or qualifying definitions of loss, restricting parties' recourse to rights or remedies, or curtailing the application of the rules of . The contra proferentem rule and standard forms of construction contracts a m netto, alice christudason and gabriel kor school of design and environment national university of singapore introduction standard form contracts can be classified into two categories negotiated contracts and contracts of adhesion. If there is ambiguity or uncertainty as to the meaning of an exclusion clause the court will have to construe it contra proferentem that is to say it will judge it against the party who inserted it into the contract. The judge referred to recent case law limiting the effect of the contra proferentem rule, and held that the court’s task was “essentially the same” when interpreting exclusion or limitation clauses as for any other contractual provision.
A plc commercial legal faqs article about whether the contra proferentem rule can be excluded by a clause in the contract. Contra proferentem after impact funding and zurich v maccaferri: when to construe an exclusion clause narrowly without applying the contra proferentem rule, and . The contra proferentem rule where there is some ambiguity in the clause and the clause cannot be interpreted according to its natural and ordinary meaning, the clause will be interpreted against the party who is relying on the clause. If, after attempting to construe an exclusion clause (or indeed any other contractual term) in accord with its ordinary and natural meaning of the words, there is still ambiguity then (if the clause was imposed by one party upon the other without negotiation) the contra proferentem rule applies. Contra proferentem rule the court decided that the contra proferentem does not apply where to commercial contracts involving parties with equal bargaining power the rule can only apply if an ambiguity arises about the true meaning of a contractual clause which cannot be resolved by looking at the commercial context and business commons sense .
Contra proferentem means an exclusion clause is interpreted strictly against the party seeking to rely on it, so any ambiguity is resolved against them as a mode of interpretation it is used particularly against exclusion clauses for negligence on the basis that the courts regard it as inherently unlikely that one party will agree to allow the other contracting party to exclude liability for . The court of appeal has recently deliberated on the construction of exclusion clauses and more particularly how the principal of ‘contra proferentem’ should apply contra proferentem is the principle were ambiguous clauses in a contract should be interpreted against the interests of the party seeking the clause to be included in the contract. Regarding the role of the contra proferentem rule, the court stressed that in order for the rule to apply, an ambiguity in the exclusion clause is required if the clause is clear, the contra proferentem rule does not have any effect. Contra proferentem rule if any clause is ambiguous or unclear it will be construed against ( contra ) person seeking to rely upon it ( proferens ) houghton v trafalgar insurance  1 qb 247.
The contra proferentem rule, which requires any ambiguity in an exemption clause or indemnity clause to be resolved against the party who put the clause forward and relies upon it, originates in english law from the privy council decision in canada steamship lines ltd v the king  ac 192. The courts have used both the contra proferentem rule and canada steamship to strike down numerous exclusion clauses however, the introduction of the unfair contracts terms act 1977 ( ucta ) has led to the defeat of exclusion clauses in many contracts through different means. The judge considered recent case law limiting the effect of the contra proferentem rule, and held that the court’s task was “essentially the same” when interpreting exclusion or limitation clauses as for any other contractual provision.
An exclusion clause is a term in a contract that seeks to restrict the rights of the parties to the contract the contra proferentem rule applies. Contra proferentem rule applied to insurance contracts fri, 2015-04-03 20:23 — michael dew it is a fundamental rule of contractual interpretation (all contracts, not just insurance contracts) that an ambiguous contract will be construed against the party who drafted it:. Circuit court rejects application of doctrine of contra proferentem to coverage dispute december 31, 2011 | insurance coverage a severe flood that struck cedar rapids, iowa, in 2008 damaged many of its businesses, including a manufacturing facility owned and operated by penford corporation.
Exclusion of contra proferentem doctrine (authorship) clause send to email address exclusion of contra proferentem doctrine (authorship) clause send to email . Contract: exclusion clauses study play chapelton v barry contra proferentem rule any ambiguity or other doubt will be resolved in a way least favourable to . 32 the contra proferentem rule exclusion clauses whether an exclusion clause applies depends on the construction of the contract a.